What is Evidence-Based or Best Practice?

Initiatives are supported which promote school environments that are free from drugs and violence and the unauthorized presence of firearms and alcohol, and offer a disciplined environment conducive to learning.

The programs must be evidence-based and proven to be effective or show promise of being effective.

In the health care field, evidence-based or best practice (or practices), also called EBP or EBPs, generally refers to approaches to prevention or treatment that are validated by some form of documented scientific evidence. What counts as "evidence" or "best practice" varies. This is often is defined as findings established through scientific research, such as controlled clinical studies, but other methods of establishing evidence are considered valid as well. Evidence-based practice stands in contrast to approaches that are based on tradition, convention, belief, or anecdotal evidence.

Web sites such as the The National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices offer searchable registries of substance abuse interventions that have been scientifically tested and that can be readily disseminated to the field.  Other links:

Arizona Department of Education School Safety and Prevention

Blueprints for Violence Prevention

What Works Clearinghouse

Decision Support System for Youth Well Being