survive - to remain alive or in existence
survival - process of surviving
organism - a living thing that has the ability to act or function independently
vertebrate - having a backbone or spinal column
invertebrate - lacking a backbone or spinal column
structure - part of an animal's body and how it is put together
human - member of the genus Homo, species sapien; person
habitat - area of environment where an organism lives
function - what a structure can do
adaptation - structures and functions solve problems of survival in a habitat
traits - distinguishing feature; genetically determined characteristic
opposable thumb - digit next to index finger, separate from the other four digits
photosynthesis - process in green plants by which carbohydrates are synthesized from carbon dioxide and water using light as an energy source
stoma - minute pore in leaf or stem through which gases and water vapor pass (plural - stamate)
succulent - having thick, fleshy, water-storing leaves or stems
transpiration - giving off water vapor through the skin or mucous membrane
camouflage - concealing oneself from enemy by making them appear to be part of the natural surroundings
predator - organism that lives by preying on other organisms
prey - animal hunted or caught for food
Every Drop Counts
Water Collection- Water collected from lakes, streams, and reservoirs is piped into the water treatment plant.
Coagulation and Flocculation- To change from fluid into a thick mass.
Disinfection- Chlorine: Chemical used to destroy harmful organisms.
Sediment- Matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid.
Sedimentation- Accumulation of sediment
Filtration- Liquid that has been passed through a filter.
Purify- To make pure or clean.
Aquifer- Rocks or solids that hold water
Surface Water- Water found on the surface such as puddles, lakes or rivers.
Ground Water- When it rains or snows, some of the water sinks into the ground.
Watershed- The land area from where the water drains into ditches, streams, lakes and rivers.
Three forms of water:
Solid form- produced by freezing water
Liquid form- flowing like water
Gas/Steam form- a fluid substance giving off gas
Earth, Wind and Fire
climate- the kind of weather a place has over a long period of time.
climatic- due to weather conditions
dendrochronology- the science of using tree rings to analyze patterns of climatic change.
drought- a long period of dry weather characterized by a lack of rain or moisture.
environment- the plants, animals, water and land forms, and cultural features that influence the way in which one lives.
greeness map- computer generated maps that show areas of plant growth.
Keeling Chart- a graph representing the measured concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere.
Landsat Program- a satellite program for capturing images of the Earth from space.
tree rings- annual layers of tissue in the tree's trunk that represent a tree's growth over one year.
weather- the state of the atmosphere with respect to changes in temperature, moisture, air pressure, etc.
climate- the average weather of a region over a series of years.
meteorology- the science dealing with the atmosphere and its phenomena.
forecast- the state expected future occurrences, especially in weather.
thermometer- an instrument of liquid enclosed in glass that measures temperature by the rise and fall of the liquid.
anemometer- any instrument used to measure wind speed.
barometer- any instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure
weather vane- a device that rotates freely and points in the direction from which the wind is blowing.
Beaufort Scale- a scale of wind forces described by name and range of velocity, and classified from force 0 to force 12.
Fresh H20- water in liquid form that contains no salt.
Polar ice caps- either of the regions around the poles of the Earth that are permanently covered with ice.
glacier- slow moving mass of ice
groundwater- water beneath the Earth's surface that supplies wells and springs.
aquifers- underground bed or layer of earth, gravel or porous stone that yields water
symbol- something that stands for or suggests something else
forecast- a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop.
meteorologist- people trained in the study of meteorology, physics, math, chemistry and computer science. This training is used to help them interpret and predict weather patterns.
front- boundary between two dissimilar air masses.
region- a specified district or territory
air quality- level of health-related and visible attributes of air.
UV index- scale ranging from 0-10 used in estimating the risk of sunburn due to ultraviolet radiation.
dew point- saturated and condensation or dew begins.
Venn Diagram- a visual using semi-overlapping circles to graph data comparing and contrasting two items.
inland- located in the interior part of a country
coastal- land next to the sea; seashore
weathering- process by which rocks exposed to weather undergo physical changes
erosion- natural processes by which material is worn away from Earth's surface.
composite volcanoes- steep conical volcano composed of hardened lava and ash.
shield volcanoes- gently sloping volcano, formed by low viscosity lava.
cinder cone volcanoes- most common volcano, small, lava erupts from a single opening.
volcano (dormant, extinct, active)- opening in Earth's crush through which molten lava, ash and gases are ejected.
lava- molten rock that reaches the Earth's surface through a volcano or fissure (crack)
eruption- break out of volcano matter.
Pacific plate- oceanic tectonic plate beneath the Pacific Ocean
ash- very fine rock and mineral particles ejected from a volcano.
magma- molten rock material under the Earth's crust.
crater- circular basin vent from which magma erupts.
earthquake- sudden movement of the Earth's crust.
epicenter- point of Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake.
tectonic plates- the dozen or so masses (plates) that make up the surface of the Earth.
Energy and Magnetism
Attract- draw or pull, as when two magnets are placed with unlike poles together and their magnetic fields interact.
Force- any influence that causes an object to move.
Magnetic- Having a magnetic field, displaying magnetic properties.
Pole- In a magnet, each of the two ends or faces where the magnetic field is strongest.
Repel- Push away, as when two magnets are placed with like poles together and their magnetic fields interact.
Insulator- Material through which electricity does not flow.
Conductor- Material that allows electricity to pass through it.
Circuit- Continuous path for electric current to travel
Electricity- One of the basic forms of energy. Electricity can run motors and produce light, heat, sound, magnetic effect.
Series Circuit- A circuit with only 1 pathway for current to flow.
Parallel circuit- A circuit with 2 or more pathways for current to flow.
Electromagnet- Magnet created when wire is tightly coiled around an iron core.
Invent- To make or think of for the first time, create.
Patent- A piece of paper issued to a person or company. It gives them permission to be the only one to make, use or sell an invention for a certain number of years.
Technology- The use of science for practical purposes.