Mesa Public Schools will begin the school year on August 4 with enhanced, structured remote learning for all students. | Las Escuelas Públicas de Mesa comenzarán el año escolar el 4 de agosto con un aprendizaje remoto estructurado y mejorado para todos los estudiantes. Learn more | Aprenda más

Language

Conventions of Standard English:

  • Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
  • Print many upper- and lowercase letters.
  • Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs.
  • Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes).
  • Understand and use question words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how).
  • Use the most frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of, by, with).
  • Produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities.
  • Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
  • Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I
  • Recognize and name end punctuation.
  • Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes).
  • Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use:

  • Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on kindergarten reading and content.
  • Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply them accurately (e.g., knowingduck is a bird and learning the verb to duck).
  • Use the most frequently occurring inflections and affixes (e.g., -ed, -s, re-, un-, pre-, -ful, -less) as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word.
  • With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
  • Sort common objects into categories (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
  • Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites (antonyms).
  • Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school that are colorful).
  • Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action (e.g.,walk, march, strut, prance) by acting out the meanings.
  • Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts.