For the Chemistry final 

  • ALL labs - know which are examples of physical properties and which are examples of chemical properties and WHY
  • Ways to organize matter - state, physical and chemical characteristics, metal, non-metal, metalloid, compound, element, mixture and WHY
  • Phases graph
  • Periodic Table organization
  • What is matter


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for Physical Properties test

1) thoroughly explain the properties of a solid, liquid, gas (pg 15-16, 27-32, 17-18, 36, 40)

2) explain 2 things that ALL matter has in common (mass and volume)

3) explain what a physical property is - NOT the book definition! (1-2, 3, 17-18, 25-26, and any worksheet on density, state, solutions)

4) explain the phases' points, using H2O as an example.  Include energy and temperatures as well as the importance of these points. (1-2, 18, 27-32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37-38, 39, 40, 41, 48)

5) be able to completely and correctly label ALL of the Phases graph (27-32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37-38, 39, 40, 41, 48)

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 for CHEMISTRY FINAL

1) be able to tell whether a substance is a compound, mixture, or element

2) know density of water and how to decide if another substance / object will “sink or float”

3) be able to completely explain physical CHANGE vs chemical CHANGE

4) know ALL vocabulary on pages 10 – 14 and be able to use it while constructing evidence for a claim

5) be able to create the Phases graph and label correctly and completely

6) be able to EXPLAIN the Phases graph including energy, phases and states

7) be able to EXPLAIN the pH scale, including colors, numbers, acidity, bascity, neutral, and give examples of each

8) know atoms and molecules

9) know homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures

10) be able to explain solubility, solvent, solute

11) be able to explain mass, volume and density

12) be able to explain energy and how it affects the particles of matter in different states

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Study Guide for Organization of Matter test:

 

1) EXPLAIN the differences between the particles of compounds, elements, and mixtures using correct vocabulary.  BE SPECIFIC.

2) List the properties of a metal:

3) List the properties of a non-metal:

4) List the properties of a metalloid:

5) What is another name for a metalloid?     EXPLAIN why that name is also used.

6) EXPLAIN the difference between atomic number and atomic mass?

7) EXPLAIN atom:

8) EXPLAIN molecule:

9) Provide element name, symbol, atomic number, state and category for each of the 12 elements that YOU are required to know.   Organize the information on a TABLE.

10) EXPLAIN ALL of the ways that matter can be organized.

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RETEST:  Be able to explain reactivity, precipitate, endothermic and exothermic, pH scale, compound, oxidation, chemical change or reaction, ALL LABS!

There are NO physical reactions!  ONLY physical CHANGES

BAKING SODA AND VINEGAR:

endothermic - because the reaction created a gas.  To create a gas, energy was needed.  The energy to create the gas came from the surrounding heat energy. ENERGY WENT INSIDE. The creation of gas USED UP the energy faster than the heat could be replaced, so the temperature went down.

 

VINEGAR AND STEEL WOOL:

exothermic - because the reaction caused oxidation.  While oxidizing, the steel wool was breaking down - releasing energy.  ENERGY WENT OUTSIDE.  As energy was release from the decomposition of the steel wool, the temperature rose.

PHASES LAB - this is the states of matter lab - the ice lab!!!!  Changing state does not change the molecules of a substance.  Water is water whether it is a solid (ice) liquid (water) or gas (evaporated).

 

pH - the litmus paper will only indicate an acid or a base.  The liquid indicator will indicate a neutral - no color change (#7 on pH scale).  It will turn substances orange, red, pink for acids (1-6 on pH scale).  Dark red is most acid and would be a #1 and pale orange would be a mild acid and a #6 on pH scale. It the liquid indicator turns the substance blue or green it indicates a base (8-14 on pH scale).  Greens would be a mild base at #8-9 while blues would be more basic at #10 - 13.  The most basic substances are indicated by bright yellow at #14 on the pH scale.

 

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 Here are the questions again for tomorrow's test - Physical vs Chemical Properties of Matter

What is cabbage juice used for?  WHY? - KNOW pH!!

 

What 2 things do all matter have in common?

 

Describe 7 physical properties

 

Describe 4 chemical properties

 

How does vinegar and baking soda show a chemical reaction?

 

How does steel wool and vinegar show a chemical reaction?

 

Why is the Phases lab NOT a chemical change?

 

Draw and explain high and low density

 

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Refer to this information and your comp book to create a study tool for the Adaptation Unit Test

 

Concept 4: Diversity, Adaptation, and Behavior

Identify structural and behavioral adaptations.

 

 

PO 1. Explain how an organism’s behavior allows it to survive in an environment. behavioral adaptations - pg 95

 

 

PO 2. Describe how an organism can maintain a stable internal environment while living in a constantly changing external environment.

 

 

PO 3. Determine characteristics of organisms that could change over several generations. (This means explain evolution through Natural Selection - all 4 steps)

 

 

PO 4. Compare the symbiotic and competitive relationships in organisms within an ecosystem (e.g.

 

, lichen, mistletoe/tree, clownfish/sea anemone, native/non-native species). symbiosis - pg 96

PO 5. Analyze the following behavioral cycles of organisms:

• hibernation

• migration

• dormancy (plants)

PO 6. Describe the following factors that allow for the survival of living organisms:

• protective coloration

• beak design

• seed dispersal

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Review for Heredity Summative Test - PLC

describe P1, F1, F2

Who is Mendel and why is he important?

draw Mendel's 3 generation of peas and label as homozygous dominant, homozygous recessive, heterozygous

What would be a LOGICAL question / problem that Mendel ask after F2 was created?

Which genotypes will show the recessive phenotype?

Which genotypes will show the dominant phenotype?

What is the difference between characteristic and trait?

Which blood types are recessive?

Which blood types are dominant?

Provide all genotypes for each phenotype of blood

Explain co-dominant with Punnett Square and WORDS - include genotype and phenotype (examples of co-dominant traits - use worksheets / activities)

Explain blending with Punnett Square and WORDS - include genotype and phenotype (examples of blending traits - use worksheets / activities)

Explain nature versus nurture and give examples of 1) traits that are inherited 2) traits that are caused by your environment

Explain probability and know how to identify it in a math problem

Know gene, DNA, chromosome, allele, nucleus, cell IN ORDER

Be able to identify gene, DNA, chromosome, allele, nucleus, cell in a diagram

Know the basic function or job of each = gene, DNA, chromosome, allele, nucleus, cell

Be able to provide examples of living and non-living items and tell WHY they are categorized as such

EXPLAIN grow, repair, and reproduce AND which goes with mitosis / meiosis and WHY

Heredity and Punnett Square review:

·Mendel, the Father of Genetics, was the first to come up with dominant and recessive.  He said that one trait (recessive) was "covered up" by another (dominant) .

·Draw Mendel's 3 generations. 

·What question would Mendel ask after the 3rd generation?

·KNOW phenotype and genotype

·Characteristics versus traits

·Cell life - know 3 reasons cells divide and UNDERSTAND what each of those words mean!!

·KNOW homozygous, heterozygous, dominant, recessive = be able to USE those terms to IDENTIFY and DESCRIBE

·UNDERSTAND genotype and phenotype of blood

·P1, F1, F2 etc.

·KNOW nature versus nurture - what can be INHERITED and what is caused by the ENVIRONMENT?

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The pages noted in these questions refer to the page in your comp book that the ws or activity is on.

1.     EXPLAIN 3 reasons that cells divide

2.     In “How Well Does a Punnett Square Predict Actual Ratios?”  pg 38 – table 2 you added 2 genotypes together – EXPLAIN WHY.

3.     EXPLAIN how sex is determined

4.     Order from smallest to largest – body, cell, organ system, tissue, organ

5.     EXPLAIN the second Punnett Square on pg 28

6.     EXPLAIN the outcome if both parents were homozygous dominant – RR and WW

7.     Order from smallest to largest – nucleus, DNA, cell, allele, chromosome, gene

8.     In “Genetics with a Smile” there are traits that really cannot be inherited.  Identify them and tell why they can not be inherited.

9.     EXPLAIN genotype and give examples and vocabulary that goes with it

10.                        EXPLAIN phenotype and give examples and vocabulary

11.                        Create a Punnett Square of your choice and be sure that you can completely explain the genotypes and phenotypes using correct vocabulary.

12.                        EXPLAIN the relationship between probability and Punnett Squares

13.                        EXPLAIN the difference between how a body cell and a sex cell divide

14.                        EXPLAIN heredity / inheritance (NOT just the definition! EXPLAIN how traits are inherited)

15.                        How many chromosomes does a human body cell have?

16.                        EXPLAIN question #3 on pg 41

17.                        EXPLAIN b. on page 46

EXPLAIN c. on page 46