Norton's Spanish Basics: Audio

Señor Norton has taught Spanish at the college and high school level. These audio podcast episodes are typically 10-15 minutes long and will give a brief tutorial of some of the grammar points discussed in his classes (Spanish 1 and 2). These episodes are not designed for full instruction but as a refresher or clarifier to supplement what you have learned in the classroom.

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Quizlet... What is it? (¿Qué es?)

  Learning Spanish takes some work! Many students use flashcards to help them learn Spanish (or other things). But who wants to take the time preparing to study instead of actually studying?! In this episode, Señor Norton discusses his use of for digital flashcards. He has already prepared flashcards for you so you can just go online, or use a portable device, and get learning! To find the flashcards that he has already prepared, visit  ____ T his podcast uses the following sound file from  The Freesound Project : Remix 3 of Freesound 116385__cunningGnome__20_Tang_II_Base.flac  from  Owdeo ; licensed under a  Creative Commons...

Accents: Why do we have them and when do we write them?

Very Brief Rules for Stress (Accents) In Spanish, words are spelled just like they sound. In order to take advantage of this simple and nearly perfect system of spelling, one must first know the rules for stress - that is, how to know which syllable is pronounced the loudest. 1.      Words ending in a vowel, -n, or -s are stressed on the next to the last (penultimate) syllable: nada na - da limonada li - mo - na - da zapatos za - pa - tos manzanas man – za - nas compro com - pro esta es - ta estas es - tas   escuela es – cue - la 2.      Words ending in any...

Conversaciones: The School Day

In this episode, Sr. Norton talks with Michelle about her school day. Classes, transportation, clubs and friends are discussed during the short dialogue. The dialogue is played two times. The first has short pauses inserted between sentences to give the listener time to process. The second time plays straight through. Extra credit: After the dialogue, there is a humorous interview between Michelle and her father. Credits: Reggaeton.wav beat from Artist: djpuppy's breaks file: duppyReaagetomSoca01-114.wav Trumpet loops from Artist: Trumpet Loops 'n' Hits file: TrumpetLoop02.aif

Possessive Adjectives: Examples

Listen to Francisco and Carlitos use possessive adjectives like mi, mis, tu, tus, su, sus, etc. (my, your, etc.)

Subject Pronouns

Subject pronouns are the pronouns that take the place of a noun and is used as a subject in a sentence. Did that send your mind into a grammatical spin? In this podcast we will be reviewing the subject pronouns in Spanish. I           Yo We Nosotros You (familiar) Tú You-all (familiar)* Vosotros He Él They (male or co-ed) Ellos She Ella They (all female) Ellas You (formal) Usted (Ud.) You-all (formal)*...

Verbs: Basic Present Tense Conjugations

A brief overview of the concept and structure of conjugating verbs in Spanish.

Verbs: Gustar (Me gusta..) and some IOP

In this episode we discuss the verb GUSTAR as well as a brief overview of indirect object pronouns (IOP). To say you like something is done differently in Spanish than in English. Talking about our likes and dislikes requires a slightly different perspective than what you may be used to. As you learned in Spanish 1, we typically use the verb gustar to discuss our likes and dislikes. Many people will say that gustar means “to like” as in “I like apples.” More accurate, however, would be to say that gustar , actually means “to be pleasing”. So in Spanish we don’t really say “I like apples.” Instead what we really say is “Apples are pleasing to me.” That’s why...

Verbs: Reflexive Verbs

In Spanish, much like English or any language, we often do things to ourselves: I bathe myself. I wake myself up. She hurts herself. He cut himself. We dress ourselves. We call these actions (verbs) “reflexive”. Reflexive verbs must be used with a reflexive pronoun in order to indicate that the subject is performing the action of the verb upon itself. Reflexive verbs exist in English, but they are much more common in Spanish. Reflexive verbs usually have to do with parts of the body , clothing , or one's state of mind. You can recognize reflexive verbs by the "se" tacked on to the infinitive. Here are some common reflexive verbs:   aburrirse to...

Verbs: Ser and Estar

Show notes: “To be or not to be: that is the question.” In this podcast we will be discussing the two different verbs for “to be”. In Spanish we say either ser or estar when we want to convey the meaning “to be”.   Every year, I ask my Spanish two students if they can tell me the difference between ser and estar. They usually regurgitate the easy-to-teach responses that they heard from they’re first year teachers: Ser is permanent and Estar is temporary. Others will fumble over an acronym or list of occasions that a teacher made them memorize. Neither of those techniques worked for me when I was learning Spanish – the first seemed to have too many...

Verbs: Tener is a Must-Have Verb

  There are a couple of ways to say have in Spanish. The only one that we have used so far is the one that we are going to be reviewing today: tener . Now many people say that tener looks nothing like any English words, but let’s think about this for a minute… When a verb ends in –er in Spanish then it is in its infinitive form, which is like the to before an infinitive verb in English. Let’s look at tener without its –er ending: ten - . This, by the way, is called the stem of the verb. So ten - is the stem for to have . Are there any words in English that have the ten (or –tain ) sound and has something to do with to have ? Brainstorm for a...

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